Pranayama and meditation are given top priority in yoga. In the process of Pranayama, Bhastrika Pranayama (Bellows Breathing or Bellows Breath or Deep Breathing) is practiced first.
Bhastrika is a Sanskrit word meaning “Bellows” and “Pranayam” means “life force”. In this breathing exercise, the speed of breath is fast and strong. In the process of breathing, a kind of sound is produced, which we can compare to the blower/bellows of a blacksmith.
Bhastrika Pranayama is like Kapalbhati. But in Bhastrika Pranayam, we breathe strongly and then leave it, but in the Kapalbhati, the breath is thrown outside from the nostrils.
In Kapalbhati, our stomach is used, whereas our lungs are used in the Bhastrika. This pranayama does not cause any kind of harm and enhances health, respectively.
3 Types Of Bhastrika Pranayama (Bellows Breath)
3 types of Bhastrika breathing techniques – Regular Speed, Medium Speed, High-Speed. According to body health/stamina, one can practice according to these types.
In order to breathe regularly, we breathe at a normal pace and will take out breathing. In it, we do not use power. Take 5-10 seconds to inhale and exhale. This speed is suitable for everyone.
The speed of breathing and exhaling is faster than the normal.
At high speeds, one has to breathe rapidly and exhale rapidly. High-speed Bhastrika pranayama is suitable only for healthy and fit individuals.
How To Do Bhastrika Pranayama (Bellows Breath)
Follow the steps below carefully and then practice this practice.
- Find a quiet place where the air is fresh and the atmosphere is clean.
- Holding the Vayu Mudra (Air Posture), sit in the Padmasana (Lotus Pose) and keep a smile on your face. Do not put any stress on the face.
- Exercising by sitting on the east side will give more benefits.
- Leave your body loose, do not put pressure on any part of the body and keep your back straight.
- Take a deep breath (inhale) and then leave the breath completely. Repeat this process 20 times. After practicing 20 times, practice the Maha Bandha and then relax.
- While practicing this, you can pronounce Omkar Japa or Mantras in mind. Think about all the divine powers and energy present in this universe, and I feel that I am receiving all the Divine Powers.
- Practice this 2-5 minutes per day.
Duration For Bhastrika Pranayama (Bellows Breath)
Bellows Breath increases the oxygen level of the body. But the excessive amount of oxygen is harmful to the human body, so in the beginning, practice this pranayama only for 2 minutes, do not exceed it.
After exercising daily, you can practice for 5-10 minutes. Cancer, AIDS, hepatitis etc patients should practice this pranayama for 10-20 minutes.
For a normal or healthy person, there is a sufficient duration of Bhastrika pranayama for 2-5 minutes.
Best Time To Practice
The best time to practice Bhastrika Pranayama is before sunrise. You can practice Bellows Breath Pranayam before sleeping at night.
Bhastrika Pranayam Benefits
- Helps eliminate excess and toxic elements from the body, resulting in increased blood purity and physical fitness.
- Bellows breathing exercises give relief from spiritual and physical pain.
- It helps in erasing all kinds of impurities inside the body.
- It strengthens the lung and prevents asthma and tuberculosis.
- This practice is beneficial in cough problem.
- It gives benefits in good blood circulation.
- Bellows Breath Pranayam is beneficial in relieving all brain-related illnesses.
- It is very beneficial for TB, asthma, and cancer patients.
- It enhances the oxygen level of the body.
- Bellows breathing benefits those people who are suffering from diseases like stress, anxiety, paralysis, Parkinson etc.
- It is also helpful in reducing stomach and body fat.
- There are 72 thousand Nadis (veins) in the human body. Bhastrika Pranayam purifies all these veins.
- Bhastrika Pranayama is also beneficial in Kundalini awakening.
Precautions While Doing Bhastrika Pranayam (Bellows Breath)
- Practice it at a slow, medium, and fast pace according to health/stamina.
- The seekers of Kundalini Jagran sit in Vajrasana to practice Bhastrika Pranayam.
- If you are still not sure how to do this pranayama, consult Yoga teacher.
- Those whose lungs are weak do not do this Pranayam or practice it slowly.
- If you have high asthma or fever, then do not do this Pranayam.
- People suffering from blood pressure and heart disease should not do it fast. If you are suffering from back pain, asthma, heart disease, then do it very slowly.
- Do not exercise forcefully, while you feel tired, relax while in the middle.
- If you are getting started, then practice Bellows Breath for only 2 minutes. Do not practice it for more than 5 minutes.
- If your recent operation has taken place, take the doctor’s advice before practicing this pranayama.
- Do not shake your body during breathing and removal
Bhastrika Pranayama Side Effects
Practicing it for a long period can cause dizziness, anxiety, difficulty breathing. If you feel these kinds of symptoms, stop practicing immediately.