Abhyasa and Vairagya are the two measures to detoxify the thoughts of the mind.
The flow of our thoughts of mind (Chitta Vritti) leads to worldly pleasures through traditional rites. The idea of stopping that flow is Vairagya (detachment). And the practice of taking the mind in the welfare path is Abhyasa (practice).
For those who are great seekers, Maharshi Patanjali has given them the Abhyasa and Vairagya Sutra on 1st Pada of Yoga Darshana.
If your mind is already refined, then you do not need to do much practice or Ashtanga Yoga. You are required to practice a little bit and have to pay little attention to Vairagya. By doing so you can achieve the ultimate goal of your life.
The flow of the thoughts of our mind is traditionally moving towards the world. It means that anyone can easily learn to live a normal life. But we have to make efforts to achieve a Yogic and excellent life. So Abhyasa And Vairagya is a solution to achieve such life.
Meaning Of Abhyasa And Vairagya?
Abhyasa and Vairagya is the best process for seekers by which the results of their sadhana (whatever yogic or spiritual practice they do) starts happening immediately.
तत्र स्थितौ यत्नोऽभ्यासः (Tatr-Sthitau-Yatnobhyaasa)
The effort that is made to stabilize the thoughts of the mind is Abhyasa. Some practices, some do chants, and some do Bhajan Kirtan. So through these kinds of Abhyasa, we can bring stability to our mind.
The symptom of Abhyasa
The mind, which is playful by nature. Abhyasa is the practice of constantly trying to stabilize such type of mind at one point. The repeated practice of eight limbs of Ashtanga Yoga is the form of Abhyasa. And the detention of the thoughts of the mind is the purpose of Abhyasa.
How to Do Abhyasa
Maharishi Patanjali says that there are some things that are very important during these practices.
Continuity: Continuity is necessary during practice. If we do pranayama and meditation for 1 week and then take 3-4 days gap, then this will not help you to achieve your goal.
Long period: Long-term means that we should have patience. It may take several years for us to achieve our accomplishment. Therefore, we should have patience and we must maintain the long-standing situation.
Honor: Whatever Abhyasa we do, we should have faith in it completely. Emotions are more important than rituals in spiritual activities. The more intense our emotions, the more intense we will get the results. So we should be fully honored in whatever practice we do. If we do with the incomplete mind, then we do not get much benefit.
Whatever practice you do, these three things must be present in them. If these three things go together, then it is very helpful in stabilizing the thoughts of the mind.
Measures for Becoming Strong In Abhyasa
To strengthen your Abhyasa, seekers should do meditation/ashtanga yoga every day. Believe that the practice that we do will never be wasted.
Also, keep in mind that there will be no interruption during Abhyasa. Like some peoples practice for a few days and then leave, again they start practicing after a few months and then leave again. so this kind of thing should not happen, the practice should be continuous.
Some of us consider the meaning of fondness to leave the house, family, friends and live in places like the forest and the Himalaya. But Maharishi Patanjali believes that the world dwells in the thoughts of our mind and removing that world from the thoughts of the mind is Vairagya. Mean to say that, wherever we have relationship/connections, gradually removing our mind from there and concentrate the mind towards the Divine.
2 Types of Vairagya
Our Raj and Tam are completely eliminated in Apar Vairagya. To discredit yourself from the illusion topics that are in this world, it is called Apar Vairagya.
4 types of Apar Vairagya-
Yatmaan: The effort of distorting your Chitta Vrittis from world illusion.
Ekendriya: By reaching this state, our senses disappear, but there are some subtle expressions in the mind.
Vashikar: By reaching this state, the thoughts of our mind become completely concentrated.
Par Vairagya: As we know there are three qualities in the earth: Raj, Tama, and Sat. We have already removed Raj and Tam in Apara Vairagya and now Sat is left.
When the knowledge of a man becomes the essence of all the qualities of nature and our mind gets concentrated and moves only towards the divine, that stage is called Par Vairagya.