Yoga Hand Mudras (Hasta Mudra) For Amazing Health Benefits

Yoga Hand Mudras (Hasta Mudra)

The human body is an amazing piece of art that can keep itself healthy and has so much potential that it can fight diseases. But humans think that their body does not have such a capability, but the ancient sages and scientists believe this reality.

Today we are going to learn the Yoga Hand Mudras, In Hindi, it is known as Hasta Mudra.

Introduction To Hand Mudras

In the mythological era, great saints have presented many theories, they taught many kinds of scientific art. Those ancient arts are present in many forms today. One of them is Hasta Mudra Science.

We can collect the energy which is going outside from our body through Hand mudras and take advantage of their multidimensional benefits.

Our body is made up of five elements of nature. If any element is more or less, then our body gets affected with many types of diseases. Hand mudras play an important role in controlling these elements.

What is Yoga Mudras?

Yoga Mudra is a science through which we transport our inner energy within our self, through which we can eradicate the disorders of our body. That means we can practice Mudra for healing our body.

Mudra means Posture/gesture in English. As we make different types of shapes and poses from our body in Asana. In the same way, we make Mudra by connecting the fingers of our hands.

There are 2 types of Yoga Mudra: Yogic Mudra and Hand Mudra.

So today we only going to talk about Hasta Mudra Or Hand Mudras.

The Science Behind Yoga Hand Mudras (Hasta Mudra)

There are many small holes in the fingertip of our hand, out of which energy is released from our body. Science has also proved that different types of Pranic energy from the fingers of our hands emit from our body in the form of magnetic energy.

So through the Yoga Hand Mudras, we do not allow this electromagnetic energy to come out of the body so that the energy starts moving inside our body and we can cure many diseases.

According to the research done by the Indian saints, the power of Panch Tatwa is primarily in the five fingers of our hands. If we make some kind of shape by including these fingers, then we may be able to control the imbalance of the five elements within our body.

Five Elements

As we know our universe is made up of five major elements. On the basis of this theory, our body is also made up of five major elements (Prithvi, Jal, Agni, Vayu, and Akash).

So these five elements in our body will be nurtured on the basis of our lifestyle like food, sleep etc. But according to the lifestyle of today, there is a lack or excess of any element in our body (like acidity which is excess of Vayu Tatwa). This situation creates disbalance in our body and which are an invitation for many diseases. So in order to live a healthy life it is important to maintain a balance between these elements.

Which Element Is Related To Which Finger

Little Finger (Kanishtha) – Jal Tattva (Water Element)

Ring Finger (Anamika) – Prithvi Tattva (Earth Element)

Middle Finger (Madhyama) – Akash Tattva (Sky/Space Element)

Index Finger (Tarzana) – Vayu Tattva (Air Element)

Thumb (Angutha) – Agni Tattva (Fire Element)

Yoga Hand Mudras (Hasta Mudra) Rules

  • As we know that in Yogic Asana we need a clean place, a teacher and many more things are required. But Hasta Mudras are very easy, you can do anywhere, anytime.
  • If we practice Hand Mudras with the right hand, then it gives benefit to the left part of our body and if we practice with the left hand then it gives benefit to the right part of our body. Therefore Yoga Hand Mudras should be practiced with both hands so that it can benefit our whole body.
  • Our aim is to stop the outgoing energy and balance the five elements in the body, so do not put pressure on the fingers and hands while practicing the Mudras.
  • Sit on a Mudra at least for 45 min. You can sit on a mudra for 15 min by practicing 3 mudras in a day (morning, afternoon and evening).

Types of Yoga Hand Mudras (Hasta Mudras)

The Mudras are innumerable. But here we will talk about those Mudras which balance our mental, physical, and emotional level.

Gyan Mudra (Gesture of Knowledge)

Gyan Mudra
Gyan Mudra Pic

Index Finger+Thumb

This mudra is very popular. Gyan Mudra is a very important posture which is also used in meditation, pranayama etc. Have you ever seen that whenever a yogi, a saint or a meditator meditates, they are mostly seen in the Gyan Mudra?

Our nervous system and brain are related to knowledge. So all the disorders related to our brain can be treated by Gyan Mudra.

How To Do

  • Sit in any Asana like Padmasana, Siddhasan, or Sukasan.
  • With hands on the knees, touch the tip of index finger and thumb.
  • Keep the rest of the fingers vertically open.
  • If the face of the palm is on the side of the sky then it is called chin mudra and if on the side of the ground then it is called Gyan mudra.

Benefits of Gyan Mudra

  • If your lifestyle is full of stress, then practice Gyan mudra daily for 45 minutes of and you will feel mentally relaxed.
  • Gyan Mudra makes our brains cells stronger.
  • Students who do not feel like studying, they should practice this Mudra.
  • Many children are retarded due to neurons problem. If the Gyan mudra is applied to such children, then the energy released by their brain reaches the neurons, which can treat the mental disorder.
  • Another problem that is very popular nowadays, insomnia. So whenever you go to bed, sleep by applying this gesture.

Vayu Mudra (Gesture of Air)

Vayu Mudra
Vayu Mudra Pic

Index finger+Thumb

Vayu Mudra practice controls the imbalance of defects related to air. By practicing this posture for 45 minutes daily, air-related diseases can be cured. But when the disease is cured, stop practicing this posture.

How To Do

  • According to the picture, fold the index finger and place it on the root of the thumb.
  • Keep the rest of the fingers vertically open.


  • Helpful in Acidity, Arthritis, Gastric, Tightness in the neck related problems.
  • It is also helpful in detoxing the body.
  • It is also beneficial in a headache.

Apana Mudra

Apana Mudra
Apana Mudra Pic

Thumb+Ring Finger+Middle Finger

How To Do

  • Sit in any Asana like Padmasana, Siddhasan, or Sukasan.
  • As per the picture, connect the tip of the thumb, index finger, and middle finger.


  • This posture helps to excrete the toxin present in our body.
  • By regular practice of this mudra, Apana Vayu gets under controlled.
  • Those who get less sweat can also practice it.
  • It is also beneficial in urinary problems.
  • It is beneficial in constipation.

Prana Mudra (Gesture Of Life)

Prana Mudra
Prana Mudra Pic

Little Finger+Ring finger+Thumb

Five lives in our body work (Prana, Apan, Sam, Udana, Vina). The respective form of all these is considered to be Prana.

All the diseases which occur due to the lack of prana element all, so when we practice prana mudra, all diseases start to recover.

How To Do

  • Sit comfortably in any asana.
  • Connect the tip of little finger, ring finger, and thumb.
  • Practice this mudra for 15-20 min daily.


  • Helpful in laziness and dizziness.
  • Improve concentration power.
  • Beneficial in Eye disorders.
  • A weak person can also overcome the lack of protein and vitamins in the body by the practice of prana mudra.

Surya Mudra/Agni Mudra (Gesture Of Sun)

Agni Mudra
Agni Mudra Pic

Ring Finger+Thumb

How To Do

  • Place the tip of your ring finger on the root of the thumb and apply gentle pressure by the thumb.


Prithvi Mudra (Gesture Of Earth)

Prithvi Mudra
Prithvi Mudra Pic

Thumb+Ring finger

How To Do

  • Sit in any Asana like Padmasana, Siddhasan, or Sukasana.
  • Connect the tip of thumb and ring finger and practice it for 30-45 min daily.


  • Helpful in body weakness.
  • Beneficial for those who become tired of doing a little bit of work.
  • By this mudra, the person can balance all the minerals elements of his body.

Akash Mudra (Gesture Of Space)

Akash Mudra
Akash Mudra Pic

Middle Finger+Thumb

How To Do

  • Connect the tip of middle finger and thumb.


  • Beneficial in ear related diseases.
  • Make the heart healthy.
  • Makes the bones strong.

Varuna Mudra

Varuna Mudra Pic
Varuna Mudra Pic

Thumb+Little finger

This mudra symbolizes the water element.

How To Do

  • Connect the tip of the little finger to the tip of the thumb.


  • Due to the lack of water element in the body, many disorders such as blood disorder, crassness etc. are born. Varuna mudra should be practiced to overcome these types of disorders.

Surabhi Mudra

Surabhi Mudra Pic
Surabhi Mudra Pic

This yogic mudra has been considered as mysterious.

How To Do

  • Connect the tip of the ring finger of the right hand to the little finger of left hand and little finger of the right hand to the ring finger of the left hand.
  • Similarly, touch the tip of the middle finger of the left hand to the index finger of the right hand and middle finger of the right hand to the index finger of the left hand.
  • Keep both the thumbs open.


  • It removes the defects arising from the imbalance of Vata, Pitta, and cough in the body in a wonderful way.
  • By the continuous practice of this posture, one can take spiritual and physical benefits.

Linga Mudra

Linga Mudra Pic
Linga Mudra Pic

This mudra is used to increase body heat.

How To Do

  • Sit in any Asana like Padmasana, Siddhasan, or Sukasana.
  • Bring hands in the front.
  • Now tie all fingers and stretch the thumb of the hand towards the sky.


  • By using this posture in winter, the body can be secured in many ways.
  • By practicing this mudra, the old cold becomes destroyed.


There is some common thing in all the above mudras, it is patience, continuous practice, and belief. It is useless to do anything without it. So keep in mind the above things and take full benefits of all hand mudras.

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