Benefits Of Sama Vritti Pranayama & Vishama Vritti Pranayama

Sama Vritti Pranayama & Vishama Vritti Pranayama

Various types of pranayamas have been mentioned in mythological texts; 2 of them, whom we are going to discuss here, they are, Sama Vritti Pranayama And Vishama Vritti Pranayama.

Sama Vritti Pranayama means the same types of breathing whereas in Vishama Vritti Pranayama the breathing ratio remains irregular.

Benefits Of Sama Vritti Pranayama & Vishama Vritti Pranayama

  • Both pranayamas are beneficial in relieving from stress if doing in the right way.
  • These are also helpful in Kundalini Awakening.
  • Both of the practices are very good for the lungs and respiratory system.
  • Helpful in anal related disorders.

Sama Vritti Pranayama

In the Sama Vritti pranayama the Puraka (Inhalation), Rechaka (Exhalation), Antara Kumbhaka (Pause the breath after inhalation) and Bahya Kumbhaka (Pause the breath after leaving it) time should be same.

In Sama Vritti Pranayama if the Puraka time is 5 second then the Rechaka, Antara Kumbhaka and Bahya Kumbhaka time should also 5 sec.

Sama Vritti Pranayama Ratio

Start the Sama Vritti Pranayama with Antara Kumbhaka. So keep the ratio of 1:1/4:1.

We understand it like that.

Suppose we practice Puraka 12 times then only do the Antara Kumbhaka for 3 times and practice Rechaka 12 time. So in this way, it becomes a ratio of 1:1/4:1. Raise this ratio to 12:6:12 respectively. When you become a master in it, then increase the ratio to 16:16:16.

Now practice it with the Bahya Kumbhaka. Now it becomes a combination of 4 i.e Puraka, Rechaka, Antara Kumbhaka, and Bahya Kumbhaka. Keep the ratio of 16:16:16:4 in the beginning. Now gradually increase this ratio to 16:16:16:8. Then increase it to 16:16:16:12. When you become a master in it, then increase the ratio to 16:16:16:16. You can also increase the ratio of Sama Vritti Pranayama according to your stamina.

How to Do Sama Vritti Pranayama

  • Keep the spinal cord straight and sit in any comfortable posture.
  • Keep the shoulders and the arms relaxed.
  • Start with very deep and gentle breath just to relax the body and the mind.
  • Now inhale deeply, hold the breath and then exhale completely. Try to keep the time of inhalation and exhalation 12-12 seconds. Now we have to maintain the ratio so hold the breath for 3 seconds. Gradually increase this Antara Kumbhaka duration day by day.
  • In the above step, there are 3 components of breathing now we have to add the fourth component i.e Bahya Kumbhaka.
  • Now breathe deeply (Puraka) and take 16 seconds to breathe. Similarly, stop breathing (Antara Kumbhaka) for 16 seconds and then take 16 seconds to exhale (Rechaka). After this, stop breathing (Bahya Kumbhaka) for 4 seconds and then take 16 seconds while breathing (Puraka).
  • So in the above step, there are all four components of Sama Vritti Pranayama.

Vishama Vritti Pranayama

Because it is irregular, therefore the person doing this pranayama will be healthy lung and strong nerves. This is called Vishama Vritti Pranayama because it has different time ration of Puraka, Rechaka, Antara Kumbhak, and Bahya Kumbhak. Due to the difference in the ratio, it may have to face difficulty while practicing it.

Vishama Vritti Pranayama Ratio

Start with Puraka, Antara Kumbhaka, and Rechaka with a ratio of 8:16:8. Gradually increase this ratio to 8:24:8 and then to 8:32:8.

Now adjust this ratio and make it 8:32:10 then gradually increase to 8:32:12 to 8:32:14 and then to 8:32:16. When you become master on the three component the gradually practice it with Bahya Kumbhak with a ratio of 8:32:16:2 and then gradually increase to 8:32:16:8.

The seekers may have to face difficulty in regularizing the rhythm of the Puraka, Bahya Kunbhaka, and Rechaka. In the beginning, the seeker’s may face breathlessness, but it will be easier to practice when you practice it every day for a long time.

How To Practice Vishama Vritti Pranayama

  • Keep the spinal cord straight and sit in any comfortable posture.
  • Keep the shoulders and the arms relaxed.
  • Start with very deep and gentle breath just to relax the body and the mind.
  • First, inhale (Pukara) and take 8 seconds to breathe in. Then hold the breath (Antara Kumbak), hold it for 32 seconds, then breathe out (Rechka) take 16 seconds in exhalation and then stop the breathe outside (outer pistachio) for 8 seconds.
  • Above is one cycle of Vishama Vritti Pranayama. You can adjust the ratio according to your stamina. Similarly, practice 4-5 cycles of Vishama Vritti Pranayama.
  • When you become habitual in the ratio (8:32:16:8) of this sequence then do this kriya in reverse order. Do Puraka for 16 seconds, Antra Kumbhaka for 32 seconds and Rechaka for 8 seconds. Add Bahya Kumbhaka in this order and make it a ratio of 16:32:8:8.

Vishama Vritti Pranayama Precautions

  • Unless you become a master in this practice, practice it under the guidance of a teacher.
  • Vishama Vritti Pranayam can cause stress in the brain.
  • High blood pressure or discomfort can occur due to the intensity of blood circulation in the blood arteries.
  • Asthma patients¬†don’t practice both the pranayama.

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